—-> Some examples of Human Rights and Privacy issues
Ontario’s Human Rights Code, the first in Canada, was enacted in 1962.
The Code prohibits actions that discriminate against people based on a protected ground in a protected social area.
Protected grounds are:
- Ancestry, colour, race
- Ethnic origin
- Place of origin
- Disability (*including COVID-19)
- Family status
- Marital status (including single status)
- Gender identity, gender expression
- Receipt of public assistance (in housing only)
- Record of offences (in employment only)
- Sex (including pregnancy and breastfeeding)
- Sexual orientation
Protected social areas are:
- Accommodation (housing)
- Goods, services and facilities
- Membership in unions, trade or professional associations.
Privacy is a fundamental right of every Ontarian. All Ontario public institutions are required by law to protect your personal information, and to follow strict rules when collecting, using and disclosing your personal information.
When an individual feels that his or her personal information has been collected, used or disclosed by a government institution in contravention of privacy and access laws, he or she should call, write or visit the government office that has possession of the information to try to resolve the matter. If they can’t resolve it directly, they may file a privacy complaint.
The Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA), governs the collection, use and disclosure of personal health information within the health sector. The object is to keep personal health information confidential and secure, while allowing for the effective delivery of health care.